Christian Medical College and Hospital, Vellore, Tamil Nadu, is a private, minority run educational and research institute, which includes a network of primary, secondary and tertiary care hospitals. Founded in 1900 by an American missionary, Dr Ida S. Scudder, CMCH has many firsts to its credit –

•First college of nursing (1946) •First reconstructive surgery for leprosy in the world (1948) •First neurological sciences department (1948) •First successful open heart surgery in India (1961) •First kidney transplant in India (1971) •First virology department (1978) •First bone marrow transplant (1986) •First successful ABO incompatible kidney transplant (2009)