Prasanta Chandra Mahalanobis (1893-1972), an Indian scientist and applied statistician, laid the framework for the formal founding of Indian economic planning. A member of the first Planning Commission of free India, he was the first to use statistical tools to forecast, plan, analyze and evaluate social and economic welfare activities in the country. The Second Five Year Plan (1961–66) was based on the Mahalanobis Model, which gave priority to rapid industrialization in India.