Carbonated water, also known as soda water, sparkling water, is water containing carbon dioxide under pressure and may contain permitted ingredients and additives allowed by Food Safety and Standards Authority of India. The water used in carbonated water conforms to the quality parameters of packaged drinking water in India.
Phosphoric acid is used widely in cola flavored carbonated beverages, to add tartness to the beverage. Phosphoric acid is one of the permitted Acidity Regulators for use in beverages as per Food Safety and Standards Authority of India.
Sodium citrate is also used as an acidity regulator.
Aspartame is a high intensity sweetener which is manmade. It is 180 to 200 times sweeter than sugar. It is used in beverages to impart the sweet taste without adding much calories. Aspartame is recognized safe worldwide for use in foods and beverages.
Ace-sulfame Potassium is a high intensity sweetener which is manmade. It is 200 times sweeter than sugar. It is used in beverages to impart the sweet taste without adding much calories. It is recognized safe worldwide for use in foods and beverages.
Caffeine is a common ingredient which is added in beverages for desired taste and flavour. Every day people enjoy beverages with caffeine, including coffee, tea and soft drinks.
Preservative (Sodium Benzoate)
Preservative is added in beverage to protect the taste and quality of the product.
Natural Colour (Caramel Colour)
Caramel is used in beverage as a permitted natural colour as specified in the Food Safety and Standards Authority of India. Caramel is made by a process involving the heating of carbohydrates like sugar, corn in a controlled temperature to get the desired colour.
Natural Flavouring Substances
Natural flavours and natural flavouring substances means flavour preparations and single substance respectively, acceptable for human consumption, obtained exclusively by physical processes from vegetables, for human consumption. These are added to provide the characteristic taste to the beverages.