1. What are the ingredients of Coca-Cola?
  2. Is caramel coloring safe?
  3. Why is phosphoric acid used in some Coca‑Cola drinks?
  4. How much phosphoric acid is added to Coca-Cola and Thums Up?
  5. Why is caffeine used in some Coca‑Cola drinks?
  6. What is the exact percentage or quantity of caffeine in Coca-Cola, Coke Zero, Diet Coke, Thums Up, and Limca?
  7. What are the effects of long term consumption of caffeine?
  8. What kind of flavours (artificial or natural) are used in Coca-Cola?
  9. Are there any additives in Coca‑Cola?
  10. Will drinks with low-calorie and no-calorie sweeteners, such as Diet Coke, make me gain weight?
  11. What type of sweetener is used in Coca-Cola?
  12. What is aspartame?
  13. Are there any ill effects of long term consumption of aspartame?
  14. How are aspartame and acesulfame-K made?
  15. Why do you use both – aspartame and acesulfame-K in your diet beverages and what is the difference between the two?
  16. How much aspartame and ace-K do Diet Coke and Coke Zero contain?
  17. Does the amount of sugar in Coke, Fanta, and Sprite vary by country?
  18. Does the water used in our beverages (or sold in bottles) contain lead, mercury, chlorine, DBPs, THMs, VOCs, HAAs, MTBE, Atrazine?
  19. Are bacteria, viruses, and cysts removed from the water?

 

1. What are the ingredients of Coca-Cola?

Here’s the list of ingredients in Coca-Cola:

  • Carbonated water – Approximately 88 per cent of Coca-Cola is water. The carbonated part is purified carbon dioxide, which gives the drink its “bubbles” or “fizz.”
  • Sugar Coca-Cola Classic’s sweet taste (and also some of its mouthfeel) comes from sugar. Coca-Cola Zero Sugar and Diet Coke are sugar free.
  • Caramel colour – A very specific caramel is made especially for Coca-Cola, to give the drink its characteristic colour.
  • Phosphoric Acid – The tartness of Coca-Cola comes from the use of phosphoric acid.
  • Caffeine – The slight bitterness in the taste of Coca-Cola comes from caffeine
  • Natural flavours – The essence of the secret formula of Coca-Cola is its blend of natural flavours. This is the most protected and secret part of the formula

2. Is caramel coloring safe?

Yes.

Leading regulatory authorities around the world recognise that caramel colouring is safe for use in food and drinks. In December 2012, the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) reaffirmed that caramel colouring was safe after a comprehensive review of the safety literature.

Did you know? The food and drink industry uses caramel colouring in bread, cakes, dark beers, soups and soy sauce as well as colas.

3. Why is phosphoric acid used in some Coca‑Cola drinks?

To add to their taste.

We use a very small amount of phosphoric acid in some of our soft drinks, such as Coca‑Cola, Diet Coke, Coke Zero and Thums Up to help give them their bite. It is a safe food additive approved by all of the national health authorities in the more than 200 countries in which we operate, including FSSAI (Food Safety and Standards Authority of India). Phosphoric acid is a very common additive used in cola-flavoured beverages in India and worldwide

Did you know? Phosphoric acid contains a small amount of the mineral phosphorus. Phosphorus is found widely in nature and helps give our bodies energy. It is also a big component of bones and teeth. 

4. How much phosphoric acid is added to Coca-Cola and Thums Up?


The Indian regulations require addition of phosphoric acid to be less than 600ppm (parts per million) and all our products contain phosphoric acid well below this limit.

5. Why is caffeine used in some Coca‑Cola drinks?

Many people are surprised to learn that caffeine is one of the ingredients that helps give Coca-Cola its unique great taste. Caffeine is an ingredient consumed by people every day in beverages like coffee, tea and soft drinks. We know that not everyone drinks caffeine and not everyone wants to drink it all the time, so we also offer a range of caffeine-free beverages, including Caffeine-Free Diet Coke, so people can make the choice for themselves and their families.

Did you know? The amount of caffeine in Coca-Cola is relatively small. There’s about 32mg of caffeine in a 330ml can of Coca-Cola Classic.

6. What is the exact percentage or quantity of caffeine in Coca-Cola, Coke Zero, Diet Coke, Thums Up, and Limca?

There is about 19mg of caffeine in 200mL of Coca-Cola, 19mg in 200mL Coke Zero, 26mg in 200mL Diet Coke, and 18mg in 200mL Thums Up. Limca does not contain any added caffeine.

In comparison, you may be interested in knowing that a single serving of 150 ml Indian brewed coffee has about 80mg caffeine while a cup of Indian tea has about 30mg caffeine. 

7. What are the effects of long term consumption of caffeine?

Caffeine’s safety is supported by its long history of consumption and extensive studies on its safety. Every day, millions of people enjoy beverages with caffeine, including coffee, tea and soft drinks. Because caffeine has been consumed for centuries, we know a lot about it – it’s widely studied and is known to be safe at the levels in our beverages.

8. What kind of flavours (artificial or natural) are used in Coca-Cola?

In Coca-Cola, we use a combination of natural flavouring substances, and these give Coca-Cola the unique taste and characteristic aroma which is loved by people across the globe.

Since you don’t disclose what is in your flavours, they must be harmful

As it is the case with all food products, the exact combination of flavours used is proprietary information. However, the fact that Coca-Cola has been enjoyed by millions of consumers over the last 130 years is a testament of their trust in the safety and quality of our beverages.

9. Are there any additives in Coca‑Cola?

Yes.

We use additives in some of our drinks, including Coca‑Cola Classic, to give them flavour and colour and increase their appeal. Only additives that are known and proven to be safe make it into our drinks.

Did you know? Additives are not necessarily artificial. Additives including citric acid, asborbic acid and cochineal are all found in nature.

10. Will drinks with low-calorie and no-calorie sweeteners, such as Diet Coke, make me gain weight?

No.

Low and no calorie sweeteners are used in place of sugar in many foods and drinks to provide people with a reduced, low-, or no-calorie alternative. Because low- and no-calorie sweeteners provide a sweet taste with few or no calories, they can help people manage their calorie intake.

We believe that a balanced lifestyle is key to successful weight management. We use low- and no-calorie sweeteners in some of our products because we know that many people want the choice of great-tasting drinks with fewer calories.

All drinks can be enjoyed in moderation as part of a balanced lifestyle.

11. What type of sweetener is used in Coca-Cola?

We use sugar, made from sugarcanes, to sweeten our beverages in India. It’s the same sugar that is commonly used to sweeten tea and coffee. We provide information on what’s in our beverages, including the ingredients that make them sweet and how many calories they have, so people can choose what makes sense for them and their families. 

For those who want to reduce their calorie and sugar intake, we offer a variety of great-tasting beverages with reduced, low- or no-sugar and calories. All beverages can be enjoyed in moderation as part of a balanced lifestyle.

12. What is aspartame?

A low-calorie sweetener.

We use aspartame in combination with another low-calorie sweetener, acesulfame-K, to give a sweet taste to some of our drinks like Coke Zero and Diet Coke.

Did you know? Aspartame is about 200 times sweeter than sugar.

13. Are there any ill effects of long term consumption of aspartame?

No.

Aspartame is one of the most thoroughly-researched ingredients in the world, with scientific studies consistently confirming its safety. It has been confirmed as safe and allowed in foods by globally recognised authorities, including the Food Safety and Standards Authority of India, the FAO/WHO Joint Expert Committee on Food Additives (JECFA), U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA), and the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA).

Aspartame is a low-calorie sweetener, used in place of sugar in many foods and drinks to provide people with a reduced, low- or no-calorie alternative. We use aspartame in some of our products because we know that many people want the choice of great-tasting beverages with fewer calories. All beverages can be enjoyed in moderation as part of a balanced lifestyle. 

14. How are aspartame and acesulfame-K made?

Aspartame is made by a fermentation process in which first the amino acids - phenylalanine and aspartic acid, are produced from molasses. Then, these amino acids are combined either chemically or enzymatically to form aspartame crystals. Finally, these crystals  go through a purification process to remove impurities. It is also important to note that these two amino acids (phenylalanine and aspartic acid) are also commonly found in other foods. Acesulfame potassium is made from a process that involves combining an organic compound- acetoacetic acid, with the mineral, potassium, to form the highly stable, crystalline sweetener. 

15. Why do you use both – aspartame and acesulfame-K in your diet beverages and what is the difference between the two?

Aspartame and acesulfame-K are both types of low- and no-calorie sweeteners. Also, each has its own sweetness profile. However, when used in combination, the sweetness profile of the combination is very much sugar like. Thus, we use a combination of aspartame and acesulfame-K in our diet beverages to create a taste that is loved by consumers. Low- and no-calorie sweeteners are used in place of sugar in many foods and drinks to provide people with a reduced, low-, or no-calorie alternative.

We only use low- and no-calorie sweeteners (such as aspartame and acesulfame-K) that have been thoroughly tested in scientific studies and are confirmed as safe by globally recognised authorities such as Codex Alimentarius, European Food Safety Agency, and FSSAI (Food Safety and Standards Authority of India). 

16. How much aspartame and ace-K do Diet Coke and Coke Zero contain?

Response: The amounts of aspartame and ace-K used in our beverages is well within the limits set by Government of India’s FSSAI (Food Safety and Standards Authority of India). These limits as defined by FSSAI are 700 ppm for aspartame, and 300 ppm for ace-K. 

17. Does the amount of sugar in Coke, Fanta, and Sprite vary by country?

Response: The amount of sugar in Coca-Cola may vary slightly by country depending on the sweetener used (sugar and/or HFCS). For Fanta and Sprite, the sugar content is set based on the local consumer preferences in respective countries.  

18. Does the water used in our beverages (or sold in bottles) contain lead, mercury, chlorine, DBPs, THMs, VOCs, HAAs, MTBE, Atrazine?

The water used in our beverages and sold as bottled water conforms to the stringent standards of Packaged Drinking Water as per BIS (Bureau of Indian Standards - standard, IS 14543). This ensures the highest level of safety and purity of water in our products.

Our packaged drinking water is produced using a state-of-the-art, 10-step purification process and is tested as per the purity and safety standards, in both internal, and external laboratories. Accordingly, we assure you that water is absolutely safe for consumption and the level of these substances is always below the safety and/or regulatory limits specified by FSSAI (Food Safety and Standards Authority of India). 

19. Are bacteria, viruses, and cysts removed from the water?

Yes, our state-of-the-art, 10-step purification process ensures the removal of all harmful micro-organisms to ensure the highest level of safety and purity of water in our products. You may be pleased to know that the water used in our products is tested in both - internal and external laboratories and complies with the stringent standards of Packaged Drinking Water as specified by BIS (Bureau of Indian Standards - standard, IS 14543).